Category Archives: Microbe of the Month

microbe of the Month – Yersinia

The following is from The Bug Bible - http://www.safefood.net.au/AudienceHierarchy/TheBugBible/Default.htm Yersinia enterocolitica has been recognized as an important cause of foodborne disease since the late 1980s. It is found in the general environment as well as the gut of various animals, and is associated more with the temperate regions of the world. Many foods have been…
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Microbe of the Month – C.botulium

The following is from the Botulism Blog by Bill Marler http://www.botulismblog.com Botulism is a rare but serious paralytic illness caused by a nerve toxin that is produced by the bacterium Clostridium botulinum. Clostridium botulinum is the name of a group of bacteria commonly found in soil. It is an anaerobic, gram-positive, spore-forming rod that produces…
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Microbe of the Month – Yersinina

This pathogen is usually associated with pork or pork products, and was recognised in the late 1980s. It can be found in the general environment as well as the gut of animals. It has also been associated sporadically with water, vegetables and fresh herbs. It is typically found in temperate regions due to it's cold…
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Microbe of the Month – Clostridium difficile

There is increasing evidence that Clostridium difficile is joining it's relatives Clostridium botulinum and Clostridium perfringens as a recognised foodborne pathogen. Recent studies in the US, Europe and Canada have isolated this microbe from foods, including meat products for pet consumption. However there has been no definite conclusions drawn about this being a foodborne pathogen…
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Microbe of the Month – Yersinia enterocolitica

The following is from The Bug Bible - http://www.safefood.net.au/AudienceHierarchy/TheBugBible/Default.htm Yersinia enterocolitica has been recognized as an important cause of foodborne disease since the late 1980s. It is found in the general environment as well as the gut of various animals, and is associated more with the temperate regions of the world. Many foods have been…
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Microbe of the Month – CAMPY

One of the most important food poisoning bacteria is Campylobacter jejuni - commonly known as "Campy". The following is from The Bug Bible - http://www.safefood.net.au/AudienceHierarchy/TheBugBible/Default.htm Campylobacter was not recognised as a cause of foodborne disease until the 1970s, and is now thought to be the main cause of foodborne disease in Australia. It is naturally…
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Microbe of the Month – Salmonella

There are around two thousand species of Salmonella, with about two hundred of them being specifically pathogenic to humans. The following is from The Bug Bible - http://www.safefood.net.au/AudienceHierarchy/TheBugBible/Default.htm Salmonella was first isolated by Salmon and Smith in 1885 from swine affected with hog cholera. Since then many different serotypes of Salmonella have been isolated from…
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Microbe of the Month – Golden Staph

The following is from The Bug Bible - http://www.safefood.net.au/AudienceHierarchy/TheBugBible/Default.htm Staphylococcus aureus is important from both a medical and food perspective. S. aureus, also known as Golden staph, is resistant to some antibiotics and is responsible for many diseases in warm blooded animals. Illness is caused by the production of a toxin in the food as…
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Microbe of the Month – E.coli

The following is from The Bug Bible - http://www.safefood.net.au/AudienceHierarchy/TheBugBible/Default.htm Many strains of E. coli are harmless and are found naturally in the gut of humans and animals. Traditionally its presence in foods has been an indication of faecal contamination however, a number of serotypes are now known to be pathogens. Humans are known to be…
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Microbe of the Month – C.perfringens

The following is from The Bug Bible - http://www.safefood.net.au/AudienceHierarchy/TheBugBible/Default.htm As early as 1895, Clostridium perfringens was associated with human diarrhoea, although it wasn't until the 1940s that it was confirmed to be a cause of food poisoning. C. perfringens is widely found in soil and is a minor component of the flora of the intestinal…
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